Author Topic: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up  (Read 22608 times)

Offline Will_D

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #50 on: May 17, 2015, 06:25:05 AM »
Has anyone still got Kasenit?

If so could they to a photo of it?

BTW; Some suppliers on Alibaba search  may sell E535 in small quatities. If not try a lab supplier.
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Offline krv3000

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #51 on: May 17, 2015, 05:55:18 PM »
hi I have a tin in watt way do you mean tack a pick of it ie the tin or the contence 

Offline Will_D

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #52 on: May 23, 2015, 05:11:23 PM »
hi I have a tin in watt way do you mean tack a pick of it ie the tin or the contence
Its the the contents we are interested in. Is it yellow or black/grey/whilte speckled?

IIRC the tin is bright yellow
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Offline vtsteam

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #53 on: May 23, 2015, 05:13:50 PM »
Mine is grey.



edit:

Attached are MSDS for Kasenit and two other commercial case hardening compounds.
« Last Edit: July 12, 2017, 11:53:37 AM by vtsteam »
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Offline vtsteam

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #54 on: May 23, 2015, 05:35:47 PM »
Very inconsistent, re. that MSDS and the actual product -- also in the MSDS itself it is listed as the "potassium" salt, but the formula listed in the MSDS is Na (sodium).  :doh:

Like I said, all this stuff is too iffy for me to feel comfortable experimenting with those ingredients.

My next case experiment will probably be charcoal and sodium carbonate in a pack for an hour. And I might try wild cherry branches or leaves.
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Steve
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Offline SwarfnStuff

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #55 on: May 23, 2015, 10:09:09 PM »
Hi all, I know we are looking for a cheap use at home method but has anyone tried this,
 "Cherry Red DIY surface harding powder. 400gm/14 ounces"?
  I came across it searching Ebay for "Case Hardening".
Don't add "powder" to the search string or you get lead into all sorts of guff.  :Doh:
Converting good metal into swarf sometimes ending up with something useful. ;-)

Offline vtsteam

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #56 on: May 23, 2015, 11:19:06 PM »
I haven't tried it, Swarf, but it is the third of the MSDS pdfs I attached above.
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Offline tom osselton

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #57 on: May 24, 2015, 02:13:32 AM »
Came across this by powderkeg.
http://madmodder.net/index.php?topic=4603.0

Here is one that is also good and talks about how to harden specific parts of the piece.
http://bbs.homeshopmachinist.net/threads/59717-Case-hardening-success

Offline SwarfnStuff

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #58 on: May 24, 2015, 03:44:31 AM »
Thanks Steam, I admit to not looking at the MSDS pdf's as I am not intending to do any hardening soon. Interesting though to look now, as the product is sold as, "non toxic". MSDS starts with warnings that it causes irritation to Eyes, Lungs, Skin, and gut.    Fair enough to take safety precautions with any chemical anyway. Being in the textile dyeing game many years ago, chemicals were handled with gay (the old definition  :lol:) abandon in my day - now we or should I say "I"  know better hopefully. My son is into woodwork and I am impressed with him talking to his children whenever they come into the workshop about the No 1 rule "Be Safe".
Converting good metal into swarf sometimes ending up with something useful. ;-)

Offline Will_D

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #59 on: May 24, 2015, 05:18:15 AM »
Mine is grey.
Thats exactly as I remeber it.

It is obviuosly a mixture of things there are white crystals and at least on black powder. There seems to be no yellow at all.

The MSDS sheet is very misleading as it only list the potassium Ferrrocyanide and gives the (incorrect) formula for the Sodium salt (they ignore the nitrogen atoms attatched to the carbon [the cyanide group!!])

Reading through my machinery handbook they give a few recipes that use Cynaide for colour case hardenning (usually the Potasium Salt). They also state that if the colours are too rich leave out the cyanide!

So will WE!

I think then you should try a 50/50 mix of
Bonemeal Fertiliser (from a garden centre)
Crushed wood charcoal.
Maybe if you have some Borax (used as basis of silver soldering fluxes) add about 10% of that. This should glassify and help the powders to stick to the metal

You need to pack the metal and the above mix into a loosley sealed box, or better (they say) into a piece of iron pipe closed at one end. Put all into fire at dull red heat for several hours. Case hardening is a slow process. At end take out and quench in water!
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Offline bertie_bassett

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #60 on: May 24, 2015, 06:33:09 AM »
. Interesting though to look now, as the product is sold as, "non toxic". MSDS starts with warnings that it causes irritation to Eyes, Lungs, Skin, and gut. 

you'd be surprised at what not classed as toxic, recently did a chemical handling course and was informed that sodium hypochlorite solution isn't toxic, yet it takes less of it to kill you then chlorine gas!
a competent engineer uses the tools and knowledge available, to get a challenging job done.

 An incompetent "engineer" tells his boss that the existing equipment "can't do the job" and to get another machine

Offline vtsteam

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #61 on: May 24, 2015, 09:51:10 AM »
Came across this by powderkeg.
http://madmodder.net/index.php?topic=4603.0

Here is one that is also good and talks about how to harden specific parts of the piece.
http://bbs.homeshopmachinist.net/threads/59717-Case-hardening-success

Thanks Tom, both excellent! And somehow I had missed powderkeg's thread here. Too bad he never posted a hardening test.

The other thread is very informative, though kinda funny since it starts out with practical experimental demonstration of something, and then devolves into a bunch of experts posing theoretical arguments about what is "best" in their opinion. Meanwhile the results of the simple experiment and proof at the start that non-toxic ingredients work as well, in actual home shop conditions, using available ingredients and equipment is ignored.  One reason I like our own forum so well!  :) More doing, and showing, less theorizing.

Speaking of which, remember gentlemen, this thread is a challenge to throw your own iron into the fire and let us see the results!  :lol:
I love it when a Plan B comes together!
Steve
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Offline Manxmodder

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #62 on: May 24, 2015, 09:52:39 AM »
Had a look at the contents of my old tin of Kasenit yesterday and it has exactly the same appearance as Steve's tin.

Will get around to trying my threaded hardwood and sealed baking experiment in the next day or 2......OZ.
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Offline vtsteam

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #63 on: May 26, 2015, 10:06:51 PM »
Looking forward to it Oz!  :coffee: :beer:
I love it when a Plan B comes together!
Steve
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Offline jcs0001

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #64 on: July 14, 2015, 01:16:12 PM »
I wish I'd seen this thread a few weeks earlier as I had pitted a whole bunch of cherries and dried them.  The pits might be a worthwhile source of carbon however I'm not about to dig into my compost heap to try to recover them.

Will have to keep this in mind as we use a wood fire in the winter and it will give me things to do while trying to stay warm.

John.

Offline PekkaNF

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #65 on: August 01, 2015, 05:44:24 AM »
Can't locate here any Kasenit or such, but today in one local forum someone was sellig Potassium Ferrocyanide powder 5/100g and remenbered this thread. Is this yellow powder as itself any good if I need to case harden small parts?

How are other experiments doing?

Pekka

Offline drmico60

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #66 on: August 01, 2015, 07:00:00 AM »
Hi Pekka,
If you mix the potassium ferrocyanide with powdered charcoal and sodium chloride (common salt) this will work in the same way as Kasenit. I think I used a mix with equal parts of each component and it worked OK.
I hope this helps
Mike

Offline RotarySMP

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #67 on: August 01, 2015, 11:27:29 AM »
I think you are missing the important variable in the sugar coated hardening experiment. Time.

All the anecdotes would indicate that the diffusion of carbon into the steel is not that rapid. Only heating for three minutes is probably not nearly enough time.
Mark

Offline vtsteam

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #68 on: August 01, 2015, 06:40:07 PM »
Mark, I did what was claimed for a sugar case hardening method. Do you have a reference for the anecdotes you mention which specifically use sugar to case harden steel over a longer period?

I can tell you that diffusion of carbon into steel can happen considerably faster than 3 minutes.

It happens in seconds with Kasenit, for a thin case.


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Steve
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Offline RotarySMP

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #69 on: August 03, 2015, 01:50:13 AM »
I was referring back to Andrew and Normans posts on page one.

Offline vtsteam

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #70 on: August 03, 2015, 09:34:29 AM »
Ahh, they were talking about pack hardening there.

The method previously mentioned for sugar was for a dip, heat, and plunge type and had its origins in a reference to "The Great Escape".

Dip types have the advantage for speed and convenience. And hoping to find a safe homebrew  alternative to Kasenit (a dip type) was the reason I started the thread.

As I mentioned, not many have access to long period high temp ovens, and even a woodstove isn't used in summer, so pack hardening is not very useful for most small jobs the way a rapid process like Kasenit is. Or was.....
I love it when a Plan B comes together!
Steve
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Offline Lew_Merrick_PE

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #71 on: August 03, 2015, 10:30:42 AM »
The method previously mentioned for sugar was for a dip, heat, and plunge type and had its origins in a reference to "The Great Escape".
Jerry Sage who escaped from Stalag Luft III was a member of my father's parish in Everett (Washington) when I was a child.  (1) The process described by Paul Brickhill was sufficient for the "soft" wire around many of the prison compounds, but not for the "hard" wire around cooler areas.  (2) Molasses or brown sugar were the "preferred" materials (but harder to get than white sugar) in Stalag's.  And (3) the person who started this "process" around the Stalag's had read about it in a WWI escaper story.

[And Steve McQueen did a horrible job of representing Jerry Sage and Al Hake in the movie!  Mr. Sage (who took a bunch of us to see it when it first came out) walked out after less than a half-hour into the showing.]

Offline awemawson

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #72 on: August 03, 2015, 10:33:37 AM »
There you are Steve - if not from the horses mouth at least from someone who mucked the horse out  :lol:
Andrew Mawson
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Offline vtsteam

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #73 on: August 03, 2015, 02:21:10 PM »
Folks, sugar in air didn't work here to produce any hardening effect whatsoever. I wasn't trying to prove or disprove historical events. If someone wants to try molasses or brown sugar on soft wire in a test, I'm all for it! And if it does harden to a useful degree that would be great. Likewise if you want to try it in a pack, please do!

This was an invitation for others to help work out a useful quick hardening method. Nobody joined in, and the results are what they are. Don't like 'em? Do it better and write it up here!
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Steve
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Offline vtsteam

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Re: Case Hardening Experiments Mod-Up
« Reply #74 on: July 12, 2017, 11:57:53 AM »
Photo links wrecked by Photobucket have been removed and photos restored.
I love it when a Plan B comes together!
Steve
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