Author Topic: Clocks & Pocket Watches  (Read 18551 times)

Offline kvom

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Re: Clocks & Pocket Watches
« Reply #25 on: November 06, 2009, 03:56:07 PM »
Before Marv chimes in, I'll do so from my Physics 101 classes many years ago.

The period of a frictionless pendulum is dependent only on the length from the pivot point to the center of gravity.  Since the angle of swing does not affect the period, a clock pendulum doesn't need to swing very far from side to side.

Because temperature causes clock pendulums to expand and contract, you often see them made of several metals in an attempt to counteract each other's expansion.

Offline Bernd

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Re: Clocks & Pocket Watches
« Reply #26 on: November 06, 2009, 04:13:58 PM »
Since we're getting a bit technical here, did you know a pendulum clock will ont operate correctly in a tall building in the upper floor. The natural sway of a building in the wind will cause a pendulum clock to not hold the right time or will cause it to go out off beat and stop all together.

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Offline mklotz

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Re: Clocks & Pocket Watches
« Reply #27 on: November 06, 2009, 05:10:00 PM »
Dong!  (Sound of Marv chiming in)

Quote
Since the angle of swing does not affect the period, a clock pendulum doesn't need to swing very far from side to side.

It's a bit more subtle than that.  If you write the differential equation for a simple pendulum, you can only get a simple solution (the one where the period is given by T=2*pi*sqrt(L/g)) if you make the assumption that the angle through which the pendulum swings is small enough that you can safely make the approximation sin(theta)=theta, where theta is the excursion angle.

Thus, if you keep the pendulum excursion small, it will act like a true sinusoidal oscillator, which is what you want.  Since, in a clock, there's no need for large excursions in order to drive the escapement, designing for stable predictable performance is easier with small excursions.
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Offline 75Plus

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Re: Clocks & Pocket Watches
« Reply #28 on: November 06, 2009, 06:06:44 PM »
The Dent that Bernd posted is what is known as a "Fusee" movement. The fusee was to keep the spring power constant as it unwound. Donald de Carle, In his book, Practical Clock Repair, devoted several chapters to the building of a "Fusee". The machining of the fusee is somewhat challenging. Most, if not all, mass produced fusee movements were made in England.

Joe

Offline raynerd

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Re: Clocks & Pocket Watches
« Reply #29 on: November 07, 2009, 05:34:55 AM »
I have both of  ' de Carle's books, clock repair and watch repair. Infact, I have two copies of Practical Clock Repair, I believe my older addition to be worth a bit of money as an older book as well as the content. It has many adverts in the front on glossy paper which is not in the newer version (reprint 8 of Second Edition) . I`ll dig it out as I can`t remember what edition it is, I tend to keep it safe.


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Offline 75Plus

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Re: Clocks & Pocket Watches
« Reply #30 on: November 07, 2009, 01:25:26 PM »
Chris, Are you are missing one of de Carle's books? He compiled a book, "Watch & Clock Encyclopedia" which came out in 1950.  I believe it predates Practical Clock Repair by a couple of years. I have a copy of the 1975 reprint of it.
My copy of PCR is a 9th reprint of the second edition which was dated 1968.

Offline raynerd

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Re: Clocks & Pocket Watches
« Reply #31 on: November 08, 2009, 02:24:00 PM »
Yup - never got Watch and Clock Encylopedia, I never came across it at a decent price but I have got another of his not mentioned, "Complicated Watch Repair". I have read the first few pages and that is enough for me .... think it could be sitting on the shelf for a while longer before I have a need to read it.

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Re: Clocks & Pocket Watches
« Reply #32 on: November 15, 2009, 04:27:14 PM »
My favorate watchmaking book is Watchmaking by George Daniels. I consider him the finest modern watchmaker seeing as how he invented the coaxial escapement. Anyway, the book is expensive, but a pleasure to read.

http://www.amazon.com/Watchmaking-George-Daniels/dp/0856676799/ref=ntt_at_ep_dpi_1